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10 Fields to Study in Aviation

As COVID-19 travel restrictions are being lifted globally, the aviation industry is seeing a spike in the popularity of travel. As a result, the demand for aspiring pilots, ambitious aerospace engineers, and skilled maintenance technicians is also on the rise. Many people dream of having a career in this dynamic industry, as it not only promises adventure and excitement, but job security and flexibility. That being said, these are 10 fields to study in aviation.

  1. Aerospace Engineering

As per the US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), aerospace engineers are responsible for the functionality and design of aircraft, spacecraft, satellites, and missiles, and they are compensated for doing so accordingly. In fact, the median pay for professionals in this field was $115,220 in 2018. Aerospace engineers are found in a variety of sectors, including aerospace product and parts manufacturing, engineering services, research, electromedical instruments manufacturing, and more. Since this field is constantly changing, the job outlook for aerospace engineers is open to eager applicants.

  1. Air Traffic Control

According to BLS, air traffic controllers are responsible for coordinating the movement of various aircraft to maintain safe distance between them during flight. Similar to aerospace engineers, air traffic controllers receive an annual salary of $124,540. Furthermore, they often work in multiple locations, such as control towers, approach control facilities, and route centers with night, weekend, and rotating shifts. Though the compensation is good, air traffic control is known for being a high-stress field. It is a fast-paced, and high-responsibility job. If you think air traffic control may be a good fit for you, air traffic controller Micah Maziar recommends touring a facility and job shadowing an air traffic controller for a day. 

  1. Aircraft Maintenance

Aircraft maintenance technicians and mechanics perform scheduled maintenance on aircraft, ensuring they are working optimally. They are responsible for diagnosing mechanical and electrical problems, replacing defective parts, examining replacement parts for flaws, identifying appropriate repair procedures, testing parts with diagnostic tools, maintaining records, and more. On average, maintenance technicians have a median pay of $63,060.

  1. Aviation Management

As new technology, ecological requirements, and growing competition have transformed the aviation industry, aviation management has become increasingly important. Aviation managers are required to understand the field and navigate these changes, ranging from aircraft manufacturing to air traffic control.

  1. Aviation Safety

Aviation safety consists of the efforts that are taken to make sure aircraft are free from detects and issues that may lead to injury or loss. Though air travel gets safer every year, this is only made possible with the help of aviation safety professionals. According to the FAA, aviation safety careers include inspectors and aviation safety technicians.

  1. Cabin Crew

If you love travel, this may be the career for you. Cabin crew get the privilege of traveling all over the world and get paid to do so. More than that, airlines pay for a hotel room and arrange transportation for you. However, it is still a job. Flight attendants provide routine services and respond to emergencies, ensuring the safety and comfort of all passengers. Some of the roles and responsibilities include participating in preflight briefings with pilots; demonstrating the correct use of safety and emergency equipment; ensuring passengers meet safety requirements; serving food and drink; attending passengers’ needs; reassuring passengers during flight; administering emergency medical care; and providing directions to passengers. While it is a demanding profession, it offers flexible scheduling and allows you to explore the globe.

  1. Civil and Military Aviation

Civil aviation encompasses both private and commercial flying, and it primarily consists of scheduled air transport and general aviation. An International Labor Organization report outlines the importance of civil aviation, highlighting how internal tourism and the efficiency of the global supply chain would not be possible without air travel.

  1. Pilot Training

Airline and commercial pilots are tasked with flying and navigating airplanes, helicopters, and other aircraft. In this line of work, pilots are offered travel, flexible work schedules, and a median salary of $115,670. Beyond the thrill of your first solo flight, flying is uniquely exhilarating. However, if an airplane pilot is not up your alley, consider becoming a helicopter pilot. In this field, you can be employed by the government or a commercial employer, and some of the jobs you may be responsible for include sight-seeing, executive transport, offshore support, crop dusting, pipeline and utility support, emergency medical services, or test pilot flying.

  1. Flight Instruction

Flight instructors teach prospective pilots how to fly using a combination of techniques, some of which include classroom instruction methods, simulators, and live flight instruction. Additionally, not only does it offer job security, but you can share your knowledge and passion for flying.

  1. Aviation Transport
  • Commonly known as aviation logistics, air transport is an integral part of the global economy. According to the World Bank, air transport provides vital connectivity on a national, regional, and international scale. Furthermore, it aids in generating trade, promoting activism, and creating employment opportunities.


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